Restoring Veterans’ Benefits: Proposed Federal Legislation Could Bring Financial Changes
April 1, 2014
Despite the high number of veterans with disabilities separating from service, the military is still one of the largest employers in the United States. Although the number of new veterans is increasing, and military benefits are also increasing, there are still many older veterans who are either disabled or passing away and leaving a disabled spouse. These veterans are entitled to benefits known as either improved pension or aid and attendance.
There are certain requirements to obtain those benefits. Physical requirements must be met to determine whether care may be required at home or in an assisted living facility. Financial requirements are also assessed regarding income and current assets. In any event, there is a growing number of people who will be needing benefits, and thus, there is an ever-increasing drain on the system.
In an effort to close that funding gap, the government is considering a bill pending in congress relative to the benefits provided to veterans. It is known as a Comprehensive Veteran’s Health and Benefits and Military Retirement Pay Restoration Act. It expands veteran’s health care and education benefits, as well as job assistance programs.
By means of attempting to provide funds in order to pay for these additional benefits, the bill includes a 36-month look back period and penalty provision language. This basically means that there will be no benefits for certain things if a transfer has been made within 3-years. This is similar to the federal Medicaid program, wherein a person may not transfer assets for 5-years prior to obtaining benefits in most situations.
However, the Medicaid program is a combined federal and state program, and many states administer this program according to their own rules and regulations. The veterans benefit program would be only a federal program, and therefore, there would be a mandatory waiting period for an individual to get benefits if they had gifted any assets away.
In addition there are several amendments within this bill, one of which is proposed by the National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys (NAELA), and does allow a partial return of assets so that if a veteran gave away some money and spent some money on himself, there would be a shorter waiting period, based on the funds that may have been returned to the veteran. Another amendment eliminates the spouse penalty. This means that if one spouse gave away money, it may not be imputed against the other spouse. Finally, there is an undue hardship waiver within this bill, which means that if a veteran transferred funds and then need care within the 3 years, there may be grounds for a hardship waiver if the funds could not be returned to the veteran.
NAELA staff has also spoken with the staff of the senate aging committee, has submitted written testimony to the senate veteran’s affairs committee regarding VA benefits, and has proposed legislation. If you are a veteran or veteran’s spouse, you may want to contact your senator and representative in an attempt to persuade the congress to minimize any penalties that would be imposed.
Additional language that has been proposed is the Disabled Military Child Protection Act. Under the current law, if a veteran has a disabled child and dies, that child may be entitled to benefits. Unfortunately, when the recipient (disabled child) receives these benefits, it may put them over the threshold to qualify for other federal benefits, ($2,000) and disqualify them. Many groups of disabled individuals, including NAELA (whose members also support disabled and special needs individuals) are advocating to allow these individuals to receive benefits without offsetting other benefits.
The hope is that these disabled individuals will be allowed to receive monthly annuity survivor benefits payments through the establishment of a supplemental or special needs trust. This would allow the assets to accumulate for the sole benefit of that disabled person and would not disqualify them for other benefits such as housing, supplemental security income, food stamps, etc. While there would be a potential cost to the government for this exception, it is a relatively small cost to other departments such as social security and Medicaid. The proposal will be a $50 million cost over 10 years, which is relatively nominal compared to other costs and spending of the government, and the relatively small number of beneficiaries would certainly benefit from this proposed act.
These are a few of the issues being contemplated by the congress, and as we all know, it takes significant time and effort to get a bill to be passed, but since the government is looking to trim costs and save money, they are not willing to expand very many benefit programs. Therefore, if you are a veteran, a family member of a veteran, or advocate on behalf of veterans, it is important to stay up to date on these proposals and also contact your elected officials to inform them of where you may stand on these important proposed laws.
by: Hyman G. Darling